An asymmetrical problem is one that appears to be difficult or impossible to solve.

This is often because the data or information necessary to solve the problem is not evenly distributed. For example, imagine trying to solve a puzzle where half of the pieces are missing. In this case, it would be nearly impossible to find the solution.

In contrast, a symmetrical problem is one where all of the necessary information is evenly distributed. An example of this might be a math equation where both sides have the same value. Because all of the necessary information is present, such problems are usually much easier to solve.

Consequently, asymmetrical problems can often be solved by bringing in additional data or resources that will even out the playing field.

The challenge is to figure out what additional resources need to be brought in to effectively solve the problem. The process starts by asking the right questions.